- Compare the cultural traditions that developed in Tokugawa Japan with those of Enlightenment-era western Europe. What were the characteristics of each cultural world? What influences led each to develop as it did? Be sure to address popular culture as well as the culture of the elites. (See the book).
2. How did Immanuel Kant define the Enlightenment in his essay? (see the primary source link.)
3. Describe the cultures of the Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal dynasties. (See the book and the video links.)