Discussion Post and Replies History

I need an original post that is at least 200 words responding to Part A. Then I need two student responses to post, at least 100 words, that can be found in Part B. Please respond to student response like you are talking to them directly. Do not say “ I agree with this student….this student’s use of …..etc…” Side note: my family drinks very casually.


  • The women’s movement of the 1960s is sometimes called “second-wave feminism,” while the suffrage movement of the early 1900s is “first-wave feminism.” When reading Betty Friedan and Gloria Steinem, what are these women criticizing about the role of women in American society? How is does this second-wave feminism differ from the first wave?



The women’s movement of the 1960s is sometimes called “second-wave feminism,” while the suffrage movement of the early 1900s is “first-wave feminism.” When reading Betty Friedan and Gloria Steinem, what are these women criticizing about the role of women in American society? How is does this second-wave feminism differ from the first wave?

Betty Friedan and Gloria Steinem criticized the role of women in American society as only having the perceived capabilities of being a housewife and only performing motherhood duties. Women proved their worth throughout World War II as they held jobs while their husbands and relatives were shipped overseas to fight a war. Although they showed they could hold their own, women still did not have a voice outside of their own home. Women being treated as an equal to a man was a very new and contested idea. Women wanted more than a husband, children and a home. They deserved more, they were not asking for special or extra treatment, they just wanted an opportunity to be treated with dignity and respect equal to their male counterparts.

Women were discouraged from getting a higher education, they were merely supposed to get married after high school (sometimes immediately) and have children while staying at home to cook, clean and take care of their husband and children. They were not allowed to be themselves. The 1960’s were a time of protests and movements, this was a movement for women’s rights. Most women became bored with the same routine at home every day and wanted a change with more and different/additional roles and responsibilities…they wanted to work outside of their own home.

Women wanted equal rights. With the recent civil rights and voting rights movements it was time for women to get their equality. They felt underappreciated and wanted to be treated as equals. A lot of women did not believe in the same ideas and preferred to stay in the position with the no change to their roles or responsibilities. Some women did not want change because they did not know any other way of living. As the women’s rights movement was gaining momentum, the United States took notice.

When women started to speak up and talk to the other housewives and mothers in their neighboring towns and cities, the problem and feeling was becoming more and more noticeable. The fact that women were meeting with other women to discuss their own situations and problems was a sign that change was coming. Eventually, women were able to get a job outside of their own home, go to college for a higher education and receive nearly equal treatment while maintaining their previous job(s) as only a housewife or mother. As women reached out to other wives and mothers, they realized they were not necessarily the problem and they could do bigger and better things given the same opportunities. Some of the important issues from the 1960’s are still an issue today, not as large scale, but still remain topics of discussion as some people can or will never change their old-fashioned way of thinking.

Friedan, Betty. The Feminine Mystique. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc, 1963


“ Discussion Topic:

The 1960s is well-known for the many active protest movements. Select one of the primary sources from this week’s Learning Resources and situate it in its larger movement. Summarize the content of the document then explain what caused its creation and the impact it had after its creation. For its effects, be sure to consider the both short-term and long-term.


Ever since 1877, a nationwide revolution was in effect in the United States, but little did our government know that as quickly as they implemented for these changes it was going to have an astronomical backlash for its citizens. It wasn’t until the early 1900s and throughout the 1960s that the Civil Rights Movement really started making changes for African-American citizens[1]. But for a country that was economically built on the backs of slaves these changes from the Civil Rights Movements were not going to be an easy task. Many forms of protesting were introduced during the 1960s; for example, sit-in protests, silent protests, marches, etc.

Some of the most well-known protests during the 1960s, were those protests lead by the N.A.A.C.P and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. In our learning resources we had a letter that Dr. King wrote (from Birmingham Jail) to a critic, which really resonated with me. The letter he wrote was so impactful because it was not written in hate to his critics but to be informational about the cause that he stood for. Dr. King’s stance on the matter in Birmingham was that certain laws were unjust towards the Black community[2]. Dr. King and his colleagues were not the only group of African Americans standing up for equal rights, there were groups across the country wanting to fight the same fight. Some groups did sit-downs in restaurants, buses, schools, etc.

Another example of injustice happened between 1957 to 1965, throughout the United States the rights of the Black community and the poor white community were being violated by states that ordered literacy tests prior to allowing them to vote[3]. It was not until the Civil Rights Act of 1968 that banned these discriminatory tests from the voting process[4].

It was evident that change for the African American community was going to happen slowly. The United States today still suffers from hate crimes and racism. But change cannot just come from government policies and acts, it must come from the people; hate and racism are taught as early as a child’s upbringing.

[1] Henry J. Sage, The Modern Civil Rights Movement. (Sage American History, 2014), para. 3

[2] MARTIN LUTHER KING, Jr.: Letter from Birmingham Jail. Introduction to American Colonial History. Accessed February 07, 2019. http://www.sageamericanhistory.net/postww2domestic/documents/KingBirmJ.htm.

[3] Sage. The Modern. Para. 23

[4] Sage. The Modern. Para. 24”