Informative Speech, communication assignment help

Outline Help

I see the public school system has let us down. Outlining is something usually taught in approximately 5th grade. I am not criticizing anybody here, but it is crucial every student learn to outline. An outline is the basic tool of Public Speaking.

When preparing an outline, one can start with a very rough sentence or phrase outline, and then perfect it down to a Word Outline. The initial outline is usually called a Working Outline. This outline may be a bit more complete, though rough. As a speaker hones a speech down, the speaker will use fewer and fewer words to complete the outline.

We really have THREE types of outlines:

1. The Sentence outline – which is very difficult to use when speaking as it has far too many words to comprehend while speaking and limits the speakers to specific words to express ideas.

2. The Phrase outline – which simply hones down the sentences to phrases that are much easier to comprehend at a glance, and does not trap the speaker into using specific words, like a manuscript does.

3. The Word outline – which is the outline one wants to use to speak. Each IDEA is expressed with a word or two (at most).

I am going to show you examples of all three outlines, using the same topic, specific purpose and thesis. Notice how words are whittled away as we approach the actual speaking outline – The WORD outline. Remember, the purpose of the Speaking Outline is simply to remind you of ideas, not the actual words themselves.

Look for examples of the three types of outlining in the following Announcements.

SENTENCE OUTLINE

General goal: I want to inform my audience.

Specific goal: At the end of my speech my audience will understand the criteria for selecting the proper credit card for themselves.

Thesis statement: Three criteria that will enable audience members to find the credit card that is most suitable for them are level of real interest rate, annual fee, and advertised incentives.

Introduction

I. How many of you have been hounded by credit card vendors outside the Student Union?

II. They make a credit card sound like the answer to all of your dreams, don’t they?

III. Today I want to share with you three criteria you need to consider carefully before deciding on a particular credit card: interest rate, annual fee, and advertised incentives.

Body

I. The first criterion for choosing a credit card is to select a card with a lower interest rate.

A. Interest rates are the percentages that a company charges you to carry a balance on your card past the due date.

1. Most credit cards carry an average of 8 percent.

2. Some cards carry as much as 32 percent.

3. Many companies offer 0 interest rates for up to 12 months.

4. Student credit cards typically have higher interest rates.

5. Some student credit cards carry APRs below 14%.

B. Interest rates can be variable or fi xed.

1. Variable rates mean that the rate can change from month to month.

2. Fixed rates mean that the rate will stay the same.

3. Even cards with fixed rates can be raised to as much as 32% if you make a late payment.

(Transition: Now that we have considered interest rates, let’s look at the next criterion.)

II. A second criterion for choosing a suitable credit card is to select a card with no annual fee.

A. The annual fee is the cost the company charges you for extending you credit.

B. The charges vary widely.

1. Most cards have no annual fee.

2. Some companies still charge fees.

(Transition: After you have considered interest and fees, you can weigh the incentives that the company promises you.)

III. A third criterion for choosing a credit card is to weigh the incentives.

A. Incentives are extras that you get for using a particular card.

1. Some companies promise rebates.

2. Some companies promise frequent flyer miles.

3. Some companies promise discounts on “a wide variety of items.”

4. Some companies promise “cash back” on your purchases.

B. Incentives don’t outweigh other criteria.

Conclusion

I. So, if you exercise care in examining interest rates, annual fees, and incentives, you can choose the credit card that’s right for you.

II. Then your credit card may truly be the answer to your dreams.

Please Notice:

The outline includes:

  1. The General Goal,
  2. Specific Goal and
  3. Thesis statement.

All speeches have:

  1. Introduction
  2. Body
  3. Conclusion

Notice, this is a traditionally formatted Outline, using Roman numerals etc.

PHRASE OUTLINE

General goal: I want to inform my audience.

Specific goal: At the end of my speech my audience will understand the criteria for selecting the proper credit card for themselves.

Thesis statement: Three criteria that will enable audience members to find the credit card that is most suitable for them are level of real interest rate, annual fee, and advertised incentives.

Introduction

I. been hounded by credit card vendors ??

II. can credit card answer your dreams

III. three criteria you need to consider

a. interest rate,

b. annual fee, and

c. advertised incentives.

Body

I. select card with a lower interest rate.

A. Explain rates

1. average of 8 percent.

2. as much as 32 percent.

3. some offer 0 interest rates for up to 12 months.

4. Student credit cards equal higher interest rates.

5. carry APRs below 14%.

B. variable or fixed rates?.

1. Variable rate can change from month to month.

2. Fixed rate will stay the same.

3. fixed rates can be raised to as much as 32% if you make a late payment.

(Transition: Now that we have considered interest rates, let’s look at the next criterion.)

II. select a card with no annual fee.

A. The annual fee is the cost.

B. The charges vary widely.

1. Most cards have no annual fee.

2. Some companies still charge fees.

(Transition: After you have considered interest and fees, you can weigh the incentives that the company promises you.)

III. weigh the incentives.

A. Incentives are extras for you.

1. rebates.

2. frequent flyer miles.

3. discounts on “a wide variety of items.”

4. “cash back” on your purchases.

B. Incentives don’t outweigh other criteria.

Conclusion

I. exercise care in examining interest rates, annual fees, and incentives,

II. II. credit card may be answer to your dreams.

 
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