The Integrated Theory of Crime
The integrated theory of crime suggests that people who commit crimes have less ability to control their impulsivity. They have a strong need for immediate gratification. However, not all people who are impulsive commit crimes; some have developed the ability to delay gratification.
Many studies show that parents who do not know where their children are when they are out of the house and parents who let their children roam on the streets unsupervised from an early age tend to have delinquent children. For example, in the classic Cambridge-Somerville study in Boston, poor parental supervision in childhood was the best predictor of both violent and property offending up to age forty-five (McCord, 1979).
Review two of the following articles in the South University Online Library or the Internet to help you provide insight for your essay.
Cook, C. R., Williams, K. R., Guerra, N., & Kim, T. (2009). Variability in the
prevalence of bullying and victimization: A cross-national and methodological
analysis. In S. R. Jimerson, S. M. Swearer, & D. L. Espelage (Ed.), The
International Handbook of School Bullying (pp. 347–362). Mahwah, NJ:
Jonason, P. K., Li, N. P., & Buss, D. M. (2010). The costs and benefits of the dark
triad: Implications for mate poaching and mate retention tactics. Personality
and Individual Differences, 48(4), 373–378.
McCord, J. (1979). Some child-rearing antecedents of criminal behavior in adult men.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37(9), 1477–1486.
McGregor, I., Gregory, A., & Cornell, D. (2009). “Tolerating” adolescent needs:
Moving away from zero tolerance policies in high school. Theory
into Practice, 48, 106–113.
McGregor, I., Nash, K. A., & Inzlicht, M. (2009). Threat, high self-esteem, and
reactive approach motivation: Electroencephalographic evidence. Journal
of Experimental Social Psychology, 45(4), 1003–1007.
Ostrov, J. M. (2006). Deception and subtypes of aggression during early childhood.
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 93(4), 322–336.
Ostrov, J. M. (2008). Forms of aggression and peer victimization during early
childhood: A short-term longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Child
Psychology, 36, 311–322.
Richetin, J., Perugini, M., Adjali, I., & Hurling, R. (2007). The moderator role of
intuitive versus deliberative decision making for the predictive validity of
implicit and explicit measures. European Journal of Personality, 21(4),
Richetin, J., & Richardson, D. S. (2008). Automatic processes and individual
differences in aggressive behavior. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 13(6),
Use the following questions to guide you in writing a well-developed essay on this topic.
- What role, if any, does poor parenting, prosocial learning, and altruism play in the development of violent behavior in an individual? What does the author of the article assert is the strongest and most replicable predictor of offending? Provide examples from the article to support your assertions.
- Aggression and self-esteem are related to each other? If yes, how?
Submit your answers in a 3- to 4-page Microsoft Word document. The document should adhere to the following guidelines:
- Introduction that contains a strong thesis statement.
- Conclusion that summarizes the key information from your essay.
- Written primarily in your own words, while giving credit to the source where you learned the information.
- The font size used should be 12-point, Times New Roman.
- The document should have double spacing.
- The margin should be 1 inch on all sides.
Support your responses with examples.
Cite any sources in APA format.