1. Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Theory focuses on:
A) the readiness of the leader.
B) whether the situation is favorable or unfavorable to the leader.
C) the characteristics of the leader.
D) the characteristics of followers as an important element of the situation.
2. In the Vroom-Jago model, the Leader Decision Styles do NOT include:
3. “High-high” leadership behavior is generally considered desirable because:
A) task-oriented behavior was associated with higher productivity.
B) both leaders display concern for both people and production and leaders will meet people-oriented and task-oriented needs simultaneously.
C) leaders display concern for both people and production.
D) leaders will meet people-oriented and task-oriented needs simultaneously.
4. A trait that is closely related to authoritarianism is:
B) theory y.
5. The path-goal theory includes all EXCEPT:
A) increasing the rewards that follower values and desires.
B) working with subordinates to identify behaviors for task accomplishment.
C) clarifying the follower’s path to the rewards that are available.
D) determining whether the situation is favorable or unfavorable to the leader.
6. A person with an internal locus of control:
A) believes that luck is the key to success.
B) feels that there is little control over events.
C) places primary responsibility on outside forces.
D) believes they are “masters of their own fate.”
7. The tendency of people to not voice their true thoughts because they want to please others is:
A) situational theory.
B) the Post conventional level.
C) the Abilene paradox.
D) Theory Y.
8. Team management is:
A) recommended because organization members work together to accomplish tasks.
B) both recommended because organization members work together to accomplish tasks and considered the most effective style.
C) considered the most effective style.
D) used when efficiency in operations is the dominant orientation.
9. Effective leaders and effective followers are:
A) the same people, playing different roles at different times.
B) people with different behaviors.
C) the same people, playing the same role.
D) people with different traits.
10. Trait research has identified all of the following categories as essential to leadership EXCEPT:
B) social characteristics.
D) work-related characteristics.
11. Intrinsic rewards:
A) are given by another person, typically a supervisor.
B) are given to all people within an organization or a specific department.
C) include pay raises and promotions.
D) are the internal satisfaction a person receives by performing a particular action.
12. Self-awareness refers to:
A) being conscious of your own emotions.
B) the ability to be hopeful and optimistic.
C) the ability to connect to others.
D) the ability to put oneself in some else’s shoes.
13. A Theory Y leader believes all EXCEPT:
A) subordinates are lazy and dislike work.
B) subordinates will exercise creativity and imagination.
C) subordinates enjoy work.
D) subordinates seek responsibility.
14. Managers and leaders are different because:
A) Leadership calls for caring about and engaging the whole employee.
B) Managers maintain stability while leaders promote change.
C) Leaders must find the capacity to help create a vision of what the organization can be.
D) Managers learn a set of skills for planning, organizing directing, and controlling.
15. In the Leadership Grid, the term Country Club Management refers to:
A) efficiency in operations from arranging work conditions.
B) thoughtful attention to the needs of people for satisfying relationships.
C) work accomplishment from committed people and interdependence.
D) the exertion of minimum effort to get required work done.
16. A leader who is achievement oriented might assume that subordinates are also achievement oriented. This perceptual distortion is called:
A) the halo effect.
17. Drive is considered essential to effective leadership because:
A) leaders with drive have stamina.
B) leaders with drive seek achievement.
C) all of these choices
D) leaders with drive actively pursue goals.
18. Leadership is an art because of all EXCEPT:
A) Leadership takes practice.
B) Leadership is a growing body of objective facts and knowledge.
C) Leadership has skills that cannot be learned from a textbook.
D) Leadership takes hands-on experience.
19. Synergy is the combined action that occurs when people:
A) work together to create new alternatives and solutions.
B) blame others.
C) focus on preserving and enhancing relationships.
D) renew the physical, mental, spiritual, and social aspects of their lives.
20. When the perceiver develops an overall impression of a person or situation based on one characteristic, ____ occurs.
A) perceptual defense
B) the halo effect
D) external attribution
21. The Big Five personality dimensions do NOT include:
A) emotional stability
C) openness to experience
22. To use Fiedler’s Contingency Theory, a leader needs to know:
A) the organizational situation.
B) whether his leadership style is relationship oriented.
C) all of these choices
D) whether his leadership style is task-oriented.
23. Assumptions can be dangerous because:
A) people tend to accept them as “truth.”
B) people lack self-management.
C) they can be changed.
D) they cannot be changed.
24. Possessing the traits of honesty and integrity are essential for leaders in order to:
A) seek achievement.
B) both build productive relationships and build trust.
C) build trust.
D) build productive relationships.
25. A person with an overall positive self-concept has:
A) end values.
C) high self-esteem.
D) low self-esteem.